Following complaints by car customers, the European Commission in
1999 and 2003 carried out dawn raids on the premises of Peugeot in the
Netherlands. Cars in the Netherlands were cheaper than in neighbouring
countries, such as Germany, and buyers went to Dutch suppliers for a
better deal. The Commission has found that Peugeot prevented this trade
through various practices in relation to its dealers. Sellers got paid
less by Peugeot for sales made outside the Netherlands and if the car
manufacturer discovered that a dealer was indeed exporting its cars it
made life difficult for them by threatening to cut down on their
supplies. The Commission has fined Peugeot euro 49,5 million for
restraining exports in violation of Article 81 of the EC Treaty.

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